Technology can aid in water conservation efforts by improving efficiency of infrastructure and effective monitoring along with innovative methods to reduce wastage, reclaim and reuse water and to improve the quality of water. It is estimated that more than 50% of water is wasted while transport in existing infrastructure. There are no comprehensive leakage/burst pipe/spillage detection for timely fixing of issues. Within homes and commercial buildings, leakages are abundant as well as using drinking-grade water for toilet flushing and lawn watering, leading to pressure on drinking water treatment and supply.
Metering has been in place for quite some time. Usually, the municipal water you get to your building is metered and priced. Someone must manually read the data and compare it with the previously read data to compute the volume and hence the cost of water used.
However, this is a laborious process and hence the number of meters and the data received is limited. Reading are taken only every month or so. A smart water managementt system, in contrast can aggregate data at a more detailed level and provide real time feedback to the end-user.
Smart flow sensors or meters are inserted into water pipes. Since no manual reading is needed, the meters can be inserted in branches which are not easily accessible for a detailed analysis of usage. These meter reading are transmitted to a gateway device either through wired or wireless connection. Gateway transmits data to a cloud server through a wireless network, where it is processed, and detailed analytics can be sent to your mobile phone or computer.