Rainwater Harvesting System Components


Rainwater Harvesting System Components
Rainwater harvesting systems are also referred to as arainwater collection system or rainwater catchment system, a technology that collects and stores rainwater for human use.

Rainwater harvesting systems mainly constitutes of following components:

  • Catchments

    Catchment is the surface that receives rainfall. In case of roof based RWH, the catchment is the roof of the building or a terrace. In case of land based, it could be a courtyard, paved land or unpaved land. So the water being harvested comes from the catchment.
  • Transportation

    Rainwater from the catchment need to be transported into the storage tank/storage pit or other modes of recharging through pipes or gutters.
  • First flush

    The first rainfall shouldn’t be directed to the storage tank. This could contain pollutants and impurities from the catchment area. Silt could be deposited on inaccessible roofs on the dry season as well. A device is thus needed to ensure that the first rainfall can be flushed out.
  • Filter

    Filters are used for making sure the quality of water is appropriate for the intended use. Filters remove impurities, microorganisms and turbidity resulting in clear usable water. Various types of filters are used depending on the end-use.
  • Tanks and the recharge structures

    Once harvested rainwater is filtered, it can be stored for immediate use or for replenishing groundwater.

    Related Articles

    • Global Water Crisis | Water Stress
      Climate change and population growth along with human behviour is causing water scarcity across the globe.....


    • Faucet Aerators
      Aerators are the most effective plumbing fixtures in saving water while improving the experience....